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About USSR Leningrad and World War II

The beginning and the end excursion from any place within the city at the request of the client. "President Roosevelt told me once that he publicly asked to make suggestions regarding the name that should be assigned to this war. I at once offered him that it should be an "Unnecessary war". The war that has just recently destroyed what little remained of the world after the previous battle, it was easier to stop than any other. Despite all the efforts and sacrifices of hundreds of millions of people, despite the victory of the right things, we still have not found peace and security and we are in danger, great than those we overcame." Winston Churchill. "World war II" World war II lasted from September 1st, 1939 till September 2nd, 1945, involving 57 countries. The total population of the people plunged into the war, was in excess of 1.7 billion. Total losses, according to various estimates range from 50 to 80 million dead, given both military and civilian populations. The program will allow you to see the museums and exhibits dedicated to the defense of Leningrad and heroic deeds of the inhabitants, defended their city. 1. Submarine D-2 "Narodovolets" An unusual monument to the history of shipbuilding and the memorial to the heroes-submariners during the great Patriotic war. In times of war "Narodovolets" with the crew on Board managed to make four combat patrols, each time returning with a victory. And even after the war the ship for many years continued to serve in the Baltic fleet. Only in 1989 the submarine was awarded the status of a Museum-memorial. Today, anyone can tour to visit aboard a real military submarine. Visitors will get acquainted with the internals of the ship with all its compartments, with the arms, and also learn the history of the war years. Currently the whole look of submarine D-2 (from the hull to the compartments and crew areas) are recreated in the form in which it was during the great Patriotic war. The exposition devoted to the actions of the Soviet Navy and squadrons of the allies during the Second World War. 2. Museum-reserve "break of siege of Leningrad" From September 1941 to January 1944 in place a fierce battle for the besieged Leningrad. After almost 40 years on the very spot where, in January 1943, operated unique tree-ice passage and was broken the siege, was built Ladozhsky bridge. And after a while in his left-Bank ramp was opened the Museum-diorama "break of Leningrad siege". The uniqueness of the Museum lies in the fact that today it is the only diorama in Russia, which is made by Leningrad artists – veterans of the great Patriotic war. Now the Museum has seven combat vehicles, six of which are raised from the bottom of the Neva river in the heart of the legendary "Nevsky Pyatachok". These unique pieces of military equipment – tanks that took part in the battles for Leningrad, are silent witnesses of the battles and skirmishes that took place in the besieged city. 3. Military Museum of the Karelian culture The inspirer and Creator of the Museum is Bair Irincheev — historian and the author of many historical works, the largest specialist in the history of Soviet-Finnish relations. The Museum exposition dedicated to the Soviet-Finnish and the great Patriotic war, the battles which occurred on the Karelian isthmus. Among the exhibits one can see items, clearly demonstrating everyday life of red army soldiers and the Finnish soldiers in the war of 1939-1940, books, Newspapers, posters and leaflets of those times, fragments of installations, arms and ammunition found on battlefields, authentic uniform of the red army and Finnish army qualification badges and awards, archival maps and photographs. 4. The Museum of defense of Leningrad No Museum of St. Petersburg will not give a full picture of the siege of Leningrad and the battle for the city, as does the Museum in Solyanoy pereulok. The activities of the Museum is entirely devoted to the history of the Leningrad fight during the Second world war. In his extensive exhibition presents documents and personal belongings of the Patriotic war: the banner, awards, partisan, personal belongings and documents of Heroes of the Soviet Union, military uniform, fragments of ships, and a unique photo card. In the Central part of the hall an exhibition about the daily life and struggle of citizens in the conditions of war and siege, about how to ensure the food supply, as was arranged in a wartime way of life, city services, how transport worked, as people's militia was formed — all the things that have forged the harsh appearance of the city during the war years. 5. Museum "the Origins of life – Nevskaya Zastava" to the name of Olga Bergholz Museum "the Origins of life – Nevskaya Zastava" appeared a few days ago, on the eve of the 71st anniversary of breaking the siege of Leningrad. Here you can see the recreated study of the poet, her typewriter, authentic journals and the first book of poems, 1941. Museum visitors can step back in time and see the unique exhibits: the metronome, the sound of which we heard on the radio, things that were used during the siege (the gramophone, the besieged plate, telephone 1941). 6. The Museum Of Bread In the Museum you can not only get acquainted with the history of baking, which showcases the life, the life and culture of our ancestors, but to visit the hall, where are exhibited the objects associated with the blockade of Leningrad. Over time for those who survived the siege, the bread became a symbol, an image that revived before the eyes of those days when roughly baked, half pulp and immature wheat loaf of bread, valued at all of gold. In the Museum you can see with ration cards, which were introduced in conditions of food scarcity, consumption of bread, how many grams were workers, pensioners, children, what are the decrees concerning the food came out in those days, and how despite all the hardships, the people of Leningrad were able to not only survive, but also to defend their city. 7. Museum of submarine forces of Russia named. A. I. Marinesko The exhibition is divided into two parts (cabin and wardroom), who consistently tell the history of how he invented, built, developed and modernized the Russian and Soviet submarine fleet. Hall of the great Patriotic War tells about all the fleets of the USSR and the Baltic fleet in particular, and about how the commander Alexander Marinesko ran in 1945 with the destruction of the fascist liner "Wilhelm Gustloff". The Museum features personal belongings, documents and photographs of submariners, models of submarines, original equipment, previously used in submarines, and many more. Currently, the Museum, resembling a submarine is the only place in Russia where you can learn the history of the submarine forces. 8. Folk Museum DOT defensive line "Izhora" The Museum was opened last year and was timed to the 71st anniversary of breaking the siege of Leningrad. In 1943, here, part of the defensive line "Izhora" was a permanent firing point. Now a historical site cleared and restored to it existed in the form in which it was during the fighting. Here you can see all the required facilities, which provided in time of war, solid defense and attack. In the route of the excursion included road to Museum and back. On the way to the Museum our guide will see other sightseeings in the center of Petersburg. The price includes: o rent a car o Entrance tickets to museums o guide Services in English